Warehouse cooling systems are specifically designed to maintain a constant temperature from 55 to 57 degrees Fahrenheit and a humidity level from 50 to 70 percent. With the right level of moisture, the corks will remain quite wet and swollen, which will provide a more waterproof seal, and the right temperature will restrain the aging process of your wine.
Always keep in mind:
- If the humidity is too low, the corks are dried, allowing air to slide inside the bottle and, if oxidation occurs, the wine will surely deteriorate.
- If the humidity is too high, you risk growing mold on traffic jams, labels and wine shelves.
- If the temperature is too low, the wine becomes latent and gets a flat taste rather than fruity and sparkling.
- If the temperature is too high, you risk cooking the wine and enduring it prematurely.
However, ideally, the winery room itself should be designed and built exactly according to the conditions necessary for the operation of these temperature and humidity variables.
Before installing the wine cellar cooling systems, make sure that the room is hermetically sealed with steam.
- Each wall and ceiling should be vapor insulated on the “warm side” of the walls. It is recommended to use 6 or 8 mil plastic sheets.
- Internal walls must be insulated to a minimum of R-19. People recommend the use of rigid foam plates. In addition, all cracks must be filled with spray foam.
- All walls are decorated with a green board that is resistant to moisture.
- Doors must be made of solid wood and / or insulated, and for hermetic insulation it is important to separate the weather.